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The Senate has passed Bill C-15, which seeks to align Canadian law with the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP), which the global body adopted in 2007. The long-anticipated legislation passed the upper chamber by a vote of 61 to 10, with nine abstentions. While the bill is often described as enshrining UNDRIP into law, it would not actually directly implement the declaration’s various articles into Canadian law. Rather, it would establish a framework for their implementation. The legislation spells out how the government must “take all measures necessary to ensure that the laws of Canada are consistent with the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, and must prepare and implement an action plan to achieve the objectives of the Declaration. The federal government will have to present annual reports to Parliament on the progress made in implementing the action plan “in consultation and co-operation with Indigenous peoples.” Bill C-15 passed third reading in the House of Commons on May 25 by a vote of 210 to 118, with the Conservative caucus and Independent MP Derek Sloan voting against it.

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