Li-Cycle (a Mississauga-based battery recycler with plants in Canada and the U.S.) has agreed to recycle up to 100 per cent of the scrap generated at Ultium’s $2.3-billion Lordstown, Ohio plant, which starts operation in 2022. The three-million square foot plant will have an annual capacity of approximately 35 gigawatt hours (GWh), making it one of the biggest EV battery manufacturing plants in North America. “GM’s zero-waste initiative aims to divert more than 90 percent of its manufacturing waste from landfills and incineration globally by 2025,” said Ken Morris, GM vice-president of electric and autonomous vehicles, in a statement announcing the deal. Sustainable and cheaper According to GM, 95 per cent of battery recycling scrap can be reused in the production of new batteries or in adjacent industries. As such, the Li-Cycle partnership will allow Ultium to expand the materials it currently recycles and reroute manufacturing scrap back into its supply chains, thus providing a sustainable and cheaper alternative to increased lithium mining.