The Supreme Court of the United States on Monday announced they will be hearing their first Second Amendment case in more than a decade. The case, New York State Rifle & Pistol Association v. Corlett, will force the Court to decide whether or not Americans can be forced to prove the “need” to carry a firearm for self-defense. Under New York law, a person must apply for a permit to carry but he or she must prove “proper cause” exists. New York is a “may issue” state, meaning it’s up to local law enforcement agencies – generally sheriffs departments – to determine whether or not a person’s “need” to carry a firearm is valid. This case is a follow-up to two other landmark Second Amendment cases: McDonald v. Chicago and District of Columbia v. Heller. In the 2008 landmark Heller decision, the Supreme Court ruled in a 5-4 decision that “the Second Amendment protects an individual right to possess a firearm unconnected with service in a militia, and to use that arm for traditionally lawful purposes, such as self-defense within the home.” D.C. Special Police Officer Dick Heller brought the case before the Court because he believed the District’s gun control laws were unconstitutional.