In Western Australia, 3.5bn-year-old stromatolites built up the oxygen content of the Earth’s atmosphere to about 20%, giving the kiss of life to all that was to evolve. Stromatolites are living fossils and the oldest living lifeforms on our planet. The name derives from the Greek, stroma, meaning “mattress”, and lithos, meaning “rock”. Stromatolite literally means “layered rock”. The existence of these ancient rocks extends three-quarters of the way back to the origins of the Solar System.
“Healthy, female workers between the ages of 20 and 40 wanted for a military site,” reads the job advertisement from a 1944 German newspaper. Good wages and free board, accommodation and clothing are promised. What is not mentioned is that the clothing is an SS uniform. And that the “military site” is Ravensbrück concentration camp for women. Today the flimsy wooden barracks for the prisoners are long gone. All that remains is an eerily empty, rocky field, about 80km (50 miles) north of Berlin
Sign Of The Times: Orwell’s Dystopian Novel ‘1984’ Soars To Top Of Amazon’s List Of Best-Selling Books
Twitter has banned President Donald Trump. Google, Amazon, and Apple shut down Parler, a conservative social media site. No one knows what’s true or false anymore. And the language police are running rampant, with lawmakers on Capitol Hill going so far as to ban words like “father, mother, son, daughter, brother, sister.” So, it makes perfect sense that Orwell’s famous book “1984” is once again the best-selling book on Amazon. Orwell, whose real name was Eric Arthur Blair, wrote the book in 1949, his last completed novel before his death. An opponent of totalitarianism, Orwell served in the Loyalist forces in the Spanish Civil War. And as fascism began to sweep the world, he was inspired to write a novel about what would happen should it win.
A group of local veterans is expressing frustration and sadness – after reporting that a 100-year-old cenotaph in northeast Edmonton was vandalized for the fourth time in two months. The Beverly Memorial Cenotaph on 118 Avenue and 40 Street was built in 1920 to honour local soldiers who died in the First World War. Tributes to other fallen soldiers have been added since then. But starting Remembrance Day 2020, the cenotaph has been spray painted, written on with nail polish and smeared with cake, its caretakers said. Last weekend an oily substance of some sort was dumped around the base, staining the concrete. “I’m pretty ticked off. This is just not right what people are doing, we consider this sacred ground,” Joe Luce with the Beverly Memorial Cenotaph Committee said Monday.
A recent discovery of art believed to have been created by a German soldier interned at Fort Henry more than 100 years ago is on its way to Canada’s National Museum of History. The piece is a 12-by-7.5-inch horizontal wood-carved frame with a painting of an Indigenous person in the centre smoking a peace pipe with the words Fort Henry and Canada carved on each side, with two oval openings for black-and-white photographs of a well-dressed man and woman in each opening. Luciuk, who has done extensive research into First World War internment camps for several years, said internees arrived at Fort Henry in August 1914 shortly after the war started, and the camp closed in early November 2017, one year before the war ended.
Is burying the dead a practice unique to Homo sapiens? Or did other early humans such as Neanderthals lay their loved ones to rest under the earth? It’s a topic of long-standing debate among archeologists. Now, evidence of funerary behaviour could shed light on the cognitive abilities and social customs of Neanderthals and whether, like modern humans, they were capable of symbolic thought. Dozens of buried Neanderthal skeletons have been discovered in Europe and parts of Asia over the course of 150 years. The most well-preserved ones, however, were found at the beginning of the 20th century and weren’t excavated using modern methods. This has led to skepticism about whether Neanderthal burial practice was deliberate.
The sun comes up during the day, and the moon – in one of its varying phases – replaces it at night. That’s just how things are and nothing will change that. Or so you might think. But around a thousand years ago, something quite unusual happened. There was no moon. Or if it was visible, it was dim and dark, a far cry from the usual shining light of the night sky. We know this because records from people who witnessed it firsthand have been preserved to this day. For example, in May 1110, one English observer wrote: “On the fifth night in the month of May appeared the Moon shining bright in the evening, and afterwards by little and little its light diminished, so that, as soon as night came, it was so completely extinguished withal, that neither light, nor orb, nor anything at all of it was seen.”
On this past International Holocaust Remembrance Day, I reread a bit of Bertrand Russell. In 1933, dismayed at the Nazification of Germany, the philosopher wrote “The Triumph of Stupidity,” attributing the rise of Adolf Hitler to the organized fervor of stupid and brutal people—two qualities, he noted, that “usually go together.” He went on to make one of his most famous observations, that the “fundamental cause of the trouble is that in the modern world the stupid are cocksure while the intelligent are full of doubt.”
The first major schism of the Catholic Church was made official in 1521. The pope excommunicated the initiator of the Reformation, Martin Luther. The monk had referred to the pontiff as the “Antichrist.” The German city of Worms is preparing for a major centennial. To mark the 500th anniversary of Martin Luther’s appearance at the Diet of Worms on the night of April 17/18 1521, the southern German town on the banks of the Rhine is planning an extensive commemorative program in conjunction with the Lutheran Church. More than 80 events are scheduled, despite COVID-19. The only item to fall victim to the pandemic so far is the central exhibition entitled “Hier stehe ich. Gewissen und Protest — 1521 bis 2021” (Here I Stand. Conscience and Protest — 1521 to Today).
Article Link: https://www.cbc.ca/radio/day6/covid-19-trial-volunteer-jonathan-salk-on-vaccine-patents-toy-story-turns-25-d-d-tackles-racism-and-more-1.5809626/50-years-ago-oregon-state-officials-blew-up-a-whale-and-led-a-news-reporter-to-infamy-1.5809633
When Oregon state highway officials decided to blow up a beached whale with a half tonne of dynamite, it went about as well as one might imagine. More than a dozen spectators gathered around the beach that day in November 1970 to watch the explosion unfold, including Paul Linnman, then a reporter for KATU News in Oregon. Fifty years on, it’s an experience he’s never forgotten. “As soon as we got out of the car and were still a good distance from the whale, and behind sand dunes, the smell hit us. I mean, this thing had been rotting for a few days and the smell is beyond description,”