In between the blue water of the Atlantic Ocean and the luscious golden dunes of the Namibian coast are the grounds of a former German concentration camp. It was here at the start of the 20th Century where the Ovaherero and Nama people were subjected to sexual violence, forced labour and gruesome medical experiences. Many died of disease and exhaustion. Historians have called what happened between 1904 and 1908, in what is now Namibia, the first genocide of the 20th Century. It is when German colonial forces displaced and killed thousands of Ovaherero and Nama people after an uprising against the colonial rulers. It is estimated that 60,000 Ovaherero, more than 80% of the ethnic group’s total population in the region, and 10,000 Nama, 50% of its population, were killed in this period.