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The idea of a two-state solution is almost as old as the conflict between Israelis and Palestinians. In light of the current hostilities, it also seems increasingly unrealistic. The so-called two-state solution was first articulated by the Royal Commission of Inquiry to Palestine, which was created in 1936 to investigate the root of unrest in Mandatory Palestine. The territory was established in 1920, placed under British control in 1923 and dissolved with the declaration of the state of Israel in 1948. Also known as the Peel Commission, the body was the first to suggest partitioning Palestine into ethnic states. After speaking with more than 100 Jews and Arabs, commission members declared that “irrepressible conflict has arisen between two national communities within the narrow bounds of one small country.” Finding “no common ground between them, their national aspirations are incompatible,” according to the commission, which suggested partitioning the mandate into two states.

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