Discussion posted by: David McNamara
Scientists have observed the fifth state of matter in space for the first time, using ultra-cold atoms which offer an unprecedented opportunity to unlock the mysteries of the quantum universe beyond our current understanding, research showed Thursday. This month marks 25 years since scientists first produced a fifth state of matter, which has extraordinary properties totally unlike solids, liquids, gases and plasmas. The achievement garnered a Nobel Prize and changed physics. A new study in the journal Nature builds on that legacy, featuring the results from two years of work at NASA’s Cold Atom Lab, which became the first facility to produce that fifth state of matter, called a Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC), in Earth orbit, using one of the most sensitive instruments mankind has ever built.