Scientists explain magnetic pole’s wanderings

Article Link: https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-52550973

Discussion posted by: Arye ben-Shaoul

European scientists think they can now describe with confidence what’s driving the drift of the North Magnetic Pole. It’s shifted in recent years away from Canada towards Siberia. And this rapid movement has required more frequent updates to navigation systems, including those that operate the mapping functions in smartphones. A team, led from Leeds University, says the behaviour is explained by the competition of two magnetic “blobs” on the edge of the Earth’s outer core. Changes in the flow of molten material in the planet’s interior have altered the strength of the above regions of negative magnetic flux. “This change in the pattern of flow has weakened the patch under Canada and ever so slightly increased the strength of the patch under Siberia,” explained Dr Phil Livermore.